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Energy Materials Group

Jianming Zheng

Jianming Zheng

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352


Dr. Jianming Zheng is currently a staff scientist in the Energy and Environment Directorate, PNNL. Dr. Zheng has expertise and extensive experience in the development of different kinds of high energy density cathode materials for lithium ion batteries including high voltage spinel, Li-rich Mn-rich layered oxide and Ni-rich NMC cathode materials, the development of high performance electrolytes/additives for Li-ion batteries, and the protection of Li metal anode for rechargeable Li metal batteries. He also has expertise in the development of high-energy and long cycle life Li-S batteries, and the development of layered structure cathode materials for sodium ion batteries. Dr. Zheng has more than 60 papers published in peer-reviewed professional journals, and holds 4 patents pending.

Research Interests

  • High energy density cathode materials
  • Functional electrolytes
  • Lithium-sulfur battery
  • Lithium metal battery
  • Electrode/electrolyte interfaces

Education and Credentials

  • PhD, Electrochemistry, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China, 2011
  • BS, Chemistry, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China, 2005

PNNL Patents

PNNL Publications


  • Zheng J, MH Engelhard, D Mei, S Jiao, B Polzin, J Zhang, and W Xu. 2017. "Electrolyte additive enabled fast charging and stable cycling lithium metal batteries." Nature Energy 2:17012.  doi:10.1038/nenergy.2017.12
  • Zheng J, S Myeong, W Cho, P Yan, J Xiao, CM Wang, J Cho, and J Zhang. 2017. "Li- and Mn-rich Cathode Materials: Challenges to Commercialization." Advanced Energy Materials 7(6):Article No. 1601284.  doi:10.1002/aenm.201601284
  • Adams BDG, EV Carino, JG Connell, KS Han, R Cao, J Chen, J Zheng, Q Li, KT Mueller, WA Henderson, and J Zhang. 2017. "Long term stability of Li-S batteries using high concentration lithium nitrate electrolytes." Nano Energy 40:607-617.  doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.09.015
  • Li Q, S Jiao, L Luo, MS Ding, J Zheng, SS Cartmell, C Wang, K Xu, J Zhang, and W Xu. 2017. "Wide temperature electrolytes for lithium-ion batteries." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 9(22):18826-18835.  doi:10.1021/acsami.7b04099
  • Ma T, GL Xu, Y Li, L Wang, X He, J Zheng, J Liu, MH Engelhard, P Zapol, LA Curtiss, J Jorne, K Amine, and Z Chen. 2017. "Revisiting the Corrosion of Aluminum Current Collector in Lithium-Ion Batteries." The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 8(5):1072-1077.  doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.6b02933
  • Song S, W Xu, J Zheng, L Luo, MH Engelhard, ME Bowden, B Liu, C Wang, and J Zhang. 2017. "Complete decomposition of Li2CO3 in Li-O2 batteries using Ir/B4C as noncarbon-based oxygen electrode." Nano Letters 17(3):1417-1424.  doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b04371
  • Yan P, J Zheng, J Zhang, and C Wang. 2017. "Atomic Resolution Structural and Chemical Imaging Revealing the Sequential Migration of Ni, Co and Mn upon Battery Cycling of Layered Cathode." Nano Letters 17(6):3946-3951.  doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01546
  • Yan P, J Zheng, M Gu, J Xiao, J Zhang, and C Wang. 2017. "Intragranular Cracking as a Critical Barrier For High-voltage Usage of Layer-structured Cathode for Lithium-ion Batteries." Nature Communications 8:Article No. 14101.  doi:10.1038/ncomms14101
  • Zheng J, JA Lochala, A Kowk, Z Deng, and J Xiao. 2017. "Research Progress towards Understanding the Unique Interfaces between Concentrated Electrolytes and Electrodes for Energy Storage Applications." Advanced Science 4(8):Article No. 1700032.  doi:10.1002/advs.201700032


  • Zheng J, J Xiao, and J Zhang. 2016. "The Roles of Oxygen Non-Stoichiometry on the Electrochemical Properties of Oxide-Based Cathode Materials." Nano Today 11(5):678-694.  doi:10.1016/j.nantod.2016.08.011
  • Zheng J, P Yan, WH Kan, CM Wang, and A Manthiram. 2016. "A Spinel-integrated P2-type Layered Composite: High-rate Cathode for Sodium-ion Batteries." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 163(3):A584-A591.  doi:10.1149/2.0041605jes
  • Jeong S, X Li, J Zheng, P Yan, R Cao, HJ Jung, CM Wang, J Liu, and J Zhang. 2016. "Hard carbon coated nano-Si/graphite composite as a high performance anode for Li-ion batteries." Journal of Power Sources 329:323-329.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.08.089
  • Liu B, P Yan, W Xu, J Zheng, Y He, L Luo, ME Bowden, CM Wang, and J Zhang. 2016. "Electrochemically formed ultrafine metal oxide nanocatalysts for high performance lithium-oxygen batteries ." Nano Letters 16(8):4932-4939.  doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b01556
  • Qian J, BD Adams, J Zheng, W Xu, WA Henderson, J Wang, ME Bowden, S Xu, JZ Hu, and J Zhang. 2016. "Anode-Free Rechargeable Lithium Metal Batteries." Advanced Functional Materials 26(39):7094-7102.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201602353
  • Xiang H, P Shi, P Bhattacharya, X Chen, D Mei, ME Bowden, J Zheng, J Zhang, and W Xu. 2016. "Enhanced charging capability of lithium metal batteries based on lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide-lithium bis(oxalato)borate dual-salt electrolytes ." Journal of Power Sources 318:170-177.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.04.017
  • Yan P, J Zheng, X Zhang, R Xu, K Amine, J Xiao, J Zhang, and CM Wang. 2016. "Atomic to Nanoscale Investigation of Functionalities of Al2O3 Coating Layer on Cathode for Enhanced Battery Performance." Chemistry of Materials 28(3):857-863.  doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b04301
  • Yan P, J Zheng, J Zheng, Z Wang, G Teng, S Kuppan, J Xiao, G Chen, F Pan, J Zhang, and CM Wang. 2016. "Ni And Co Segregations On Selective Surface Facets And Rational Design Of Layered Lithium Transition-metal Oxide Cathodes." Advanced Energy Materials 6(9):Article No. 1502455.  doi:10.1002/aenm.201502455
  • Zheng J, P Yan, R Cao, H Xiang, MH Engelhard, B Polzin, CM Wang, J Zhang, and W Xu. 2016. "Effects of Propylene Carbonate Content in CsPF6-Containing Electrolytes on the Enhanced Performances of Graphite Electrode for Lithium-Ion Batteries." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 8(8):5715-5722.  doi:10.1021/acsami.5b12517
  • Zheng J, P Yan, D Mei, MH Engelhard, SS Cartmell, B Polzin, CM Wang, J Zhang, and W Xu. 2016. "Highly Stable Operation of Lithium Metal Batteries Enabled by the Formation of a Transient High Concentration Electrolyte Layer." Advanced Energy Materials 6(8):Article No. 1502151.  doi:10.1002/aenm.201502151


  • Zheng J, P Xu, M Gu, J Xiao, ND Browning, P Yan, CM Wang, and J Zhang. 2015. "Structural and Chemical Evolution of Li- and Mn-rich Layered Cathode Material." Chemistry of Materials 27(4):1381-1390.  doi:10.1021/cm5045978
  • Zheng J, P Yan, M Gu, MJ Wagner, K Hays, J Chen, XS Li, CM Wang, J Zhang, J Liu, and J Xiao. 2015. "Interfacial Reaction Dependent Performance of Hollow Carbon NanoSphere - Sulfur composite as a cathode for Li-S battery." Frontiers in Energy Research 3:Article No. 25.  doi:10.3389/fenrg.2015.00025
  • Devaraj A, M Gu, RJ Colby, P Yan, CM Wang, J Zheng, J Xiao, A Genc, J Zhang, I Belharouak, D Wang, K Amine, and S Thevuthasan. 2015. "Visualizing Nanoscale 3D Compositional Fluctuation of Lithium in Advanced Lithium-Ion Battery Cathodes." Nature Communications 6:Article No. 8014.  doi:10.1038/ncomms9014
  • Gu M, W Shi, J Zheng, P Yan, J Zhang, and CM Wang. 2015. "Probing The Failure Mechanism Of Nanoscale LiFePO4 For Li-ion Batteries." Applied Physics Letters 106(20):Article No. 203902.  doi:10.1063/1.4921628
  • Gu M, Y He, J Zheng, and CM Wang. 2015. "Nanoscale Silicon as Anode for Li-ion Batteries: The Fundamentals, Promise, and Challenges." Nano Energy 17:366-383.  doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2015.08.025
  • Lu D, J Zheng, Q Li, X Xie, SA Ferrara, Z Nie, BL Mehdi, ND Browning, J Zhang, GL Graff, J Liu, and J Xiao. 2015. "High Energy Density Lithium-Sulfur Batteries: Challenges of Thick Sulfur Cathodes." Advanced Energy Materials 5(16):Article No. 1402290.  doi:10.1002/aenm.201402290
  • Wang Q, J Zheng, ED Walter, H Pan, D Lu, P Zuo, H Chen, Z Deng, BY Liaw, X Yu, X Yang, J Zhang, J Liu, and J Xiao. 2015. "Direct Observation of Sulfur Radicals as Reaction Media in lithium Sulfur Batteries." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 162(3):A474-A478.  doi:10.1149/2.0851503jes
  • Xiao J, JZ Hu, H Chen, M Vijayakumar, J Zheng, H Pan, ED Walter, MY Hu, X Deng, J Feng, BY Liaw, M Gu, Z Deng, D Lu, S Xu, CM Wang, and J Liu. 2015. "Following the Transient Reactions in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries Using In an In Situ Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Technique." Nano Letters 15(5):3309-3316.  doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b00521
  • Xiao L, J Xiao, X Yu, P Yan, J Zheng, MH Engelhard, P Bhattacharya, CM Wang, XQ Yang, and J Zhang. 2015. "Effects of structural defects on the electrochemical activation of Li2MnO3." Nano Energy 16:143-151.  doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2015.06.011
  • Xiao L, X Chen, R Cao, J Qian, H Xiang, J Zheng, J Zhang, and W Xu. 2015. "Enhanced Performance of Li|LiFePO4 Cells Using CsPF6 as an Electrolyte Additive." Journal of Power Sources 293:1062-1067.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.06.044
  • Yan P, J Zheng, J Xiao, CM Wang, and J Zhang. 2015. "Recent Advances on the Understanding of Structural and Composition Evolution of LMR Cathode for Li ion Batteries." Frontiers in Energy Research 3:Article No. 26.  doi:10.3389/fenrg.2015.00026
  • Yan P, J Zheng, S Kuppan, Q Li, D Lv, J Xiao, G Chen, J Zhang, and CM Wang. 2015. "Phosphorus Enrichment as a New Composition in the Solid Electrolyte Interphase of High-Voltage Cathodes and Its Effects on Battery Cycling." Chemistry of Materials 27(21):7447-7451.  doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b03510
  • Yan P, A Nie, J Zheng, Y Zhou, D Lu, X Zhang, R Xu, I Belharouak, X Zu, J Xiao, K Amine, J Liu, F Gao, R Shahbazian-Yassar, J Zhang, and CM Wang. 2015. "Evolution Of Lattice Structure And Chemical Composition Of The Surface Reconstruction Layer In Li1.2Ni0.2Mn0.6O2 Cathode Material For Lithium Ion Batteries." Nano Letters 15(1):514-522.  doi:10.1021/nl5038598
  • Yan P, J Zheng, D Lv, Y Wei, J Zheng, Z Wang, S Kuppan, J Yu, L Luo, DJ Edwards, MJ Olszta, K Amine, J Liu, J Xiao, F Pan, G Chen, J Zhang, and CM Wang. 2015. "Atomic-Resolution Visualization of Distinctive Chemical Mixing Behavior of Ni, Co and Mn with Li in Layered Lithium Transition-Metal Oxide Cathode Materials." Chemistry of Materials 27(15):5393-5401.  doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b02016
  • Yan P, L Xiao, J Zheng, Y Zhou, Y He, X Zu, SX Mao, J Xiao, F Gao, J Zhang, and CM Wang. 2015. "Probing the Degradation Mechanism of Li2MnO3 Cathode for Li-Ion Batteries." Chemistry of Materials 27(3):975-982.  doi:10.1021/cm504257m


  • Zheng J, J Tian, D Wu, M Gu, W Xu, CM Wang, F Gao, MH Engelhard, J Zhang, J Liu, and J Xiao. 2014. "Lewis Acid-Base Interactions between Polysulfides and Metal Organic Framework in Lithium Sulfur Batteries." Nano Letters 14(5):2345-2352.  doi:10.1021/nl404721h
  • Zheng J, J Xiao, M Gu, P Zuo, CM Wang, and J Zhang. 2014. "Interface Modifications by Anion Acceptors for High Energy Lithium Ion Batteries." Journal of Power Sources 250:313-318.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.10.071
  • Zheng J, M Gu, A Genc, J Xiao, P Xu, X Chen, Z Zhu, W Zhao, L Pullan, CM Wang, and J Zhang. 2014. "Mitigating Voltage Fade in Cathode Materials by Improving the Atomic Level Uniformity of Elemental Distribution." Nano Letters 14(5):2628-2635.  doi:10.1021/nl500486y
  • Zheng J, M Gu, J Xiao, B Polzin, P Yan, X Chen, CM Wang, and J Zhang. 2014. "Functioning mechanism of AlF3 coating on the Li- and Mn-rich cathode materials." Chemistry of Materials 26(22):6320-6327.  doi:10.1021/cm502071h
  • Chen X, W Xu, MH Engelhard, J Zheng, Y Zhang, F Ding, J Qian, and J Zhang. 2014. "Mixed Salts of LiTFSI and LiBOB for Stable LiFePO4-Based Batteries at Elevated Temperatures." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2(7):2346-2352.  doi:10.1039/C3TA13043F
  • Chen X, X Li, D Mei, J Feng, MY Hu, JZ Hu, MH Engelhard, J Zheng, W Xu, J Xiao, J Liu, and J Zhang. 2014. "Reduction Mechanism of Fluoroethylene Carbonate for Stable Solid-Electrolyte Interphase Film on Silicon Anode." ChemSusChem 7(2):549-554.  doi:10.1002/cssc.201300770
  • Huang C, J Xiao, Y Shao, J Zheng, WD Bennett, D Lu, LV Saraf, MH Engelhard, L Ji, J Zhang, X Li, GL Graff, and J Liu. 2014. "Manipulating the Surface Reactions in Lithium Sulfur Batteries Using Hybrid Anode Structures." Nature Communications 5:Article No. 3015.  doi:10.1038/ncomms4015
  • Jiang J, W Shi, J Zheng, P Zuo, J Xiao, X Chen, W Xu, and J Zhang. 2014. "Optimized Operating Range for Large-Format LiFePO4/Graphite Batteries." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 161(3):A336-A341.  doi:10.1149/2.052403jes


  • Zheng J, D Lu, M Gu, CM Wang, J Zhang, J Liu, and J Xiao. 2013. "How to Obtain Reproducible Results for Lithium Sulfur Batteries." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 160(11):A2288-A2292.  doi:10.1149/2.106311jes
  • Zheng J, J Xiao, Z Nie, and J Zhang. 2013. "Lattice Mn3+ Behaviors in Li4Ti5O12/LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 Full Cells." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 160(8):A1264-A1268.  doi:10.1149/2.097308jes
  • Zheng J, M Gu, CM Wang, P Zuo, PK Koech, J Zhang, J Liu, and J Xiao. 2013. "Controlled Nucleation and Growth Process of Li2S2/Li2S in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 160(11):A1992-A1996.  doi:10.1149/2.032311jes
  • Zheng J, M Gu, H Chen, P Meduri, MH Engelhard, J Zhang, J Liu, and J Xiao. 2013. "Ionic Liquid-Enhanced Solid State Electrolyte Interface (SEI) for Lithium Sulfur Batteries." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 1(29):8464-8470.  doi:10.1039/C3TA11553D
  • Zheng J, M Gu, J Xiao, P Zuo, CM Wang, and J Zhang. 2013. "Corrosion/Fragmentation of Layered Composite Cathode and Related Capacity/Voltage Fading during Cycling Process." Nano Letters 13(8):3824-3830.  doi:10.1021/nl401849t
  • Zheng J, M Gu, MJ Wagner, K Hays, XS Li, P Zuo, CM Wang, J Zhang, J Liu, and J Xiao. 2013. "Revisit Carbon/Sulfur Composite for Li-S Batteries." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 160(10):A1624-A1628.  doi:10.1149/2.013310jes
  • Zheng J, W Shi, M Gu, J Xiao, P Zuo, CM Wang, and J Zhang. 2013. "Electrochemical Kinetics and Performance of Layered Composite Cathode Material Li[Li0.2Ni0.2Mn0.6]O2." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 160(11):A2212-A2219.  doi:10.1149/2.090311jes
  • Gu M, I Belharouak, J Zheng, H Wu, J Xiao, A Genc, K Amine, S Thevuthasan, DR Baer, J Zhang, ND Browning, J Liu, and CM Wang. 2013. "Formation Of The Spinel Phase In The Layered Composite Cathode Used In Li-Ion Batteries." ACS Nano 7(1):760-767.  doi:10.1021/nn305065u
  • Xiao J, J Zheng, X Li, Y Shao, and J Zhang. 2013. "Hierarchically Structured Materials for Lithium Batteries." Nanotechnology 24(42):Article No. 424004.  doi:10.1088/0957-4484/24/42/424004
  • Xiao J, X Yu, J Zheng, Y Zhou, F Gao, X Chen, J Bai, XQ Yang, and J Zhang. 2013. "Interplay between two-phase and solid solution reactions in high voltage spinel cathode material for lithium ion batteries." Journal of Power Sources 242:736-741.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.05.148
  • Xu W, X Chen, W Wang, D Choi, F Ding, J Zheng, Z Nie, YJ Choi, J Zhang, and Z Yang. 2013. "Simply AlF3-treated Li4Ti5O12 composite anode materials for stable and ultrahigh power lithium-ion batteries." Journal of Power Sources 236:169-174.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.02.055


  • Zheng J, J Xiao, W Xu, X Chen, M Gu, XS Li, and J Zhang. 2012. "Surface and Structural Stabilities of Carbon Additives in High Voltage Lithium Ion Batteries." Journal of Power Sources 227:211-217.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.11.038
  • Zheng J, J Xiao, X Yu, L Kovarik, M Gu, F Omenya, X Chen, XQ Yang, J Liu, GL Graff, MS Whittingham, and J Zhang. 2012. "Enhanced Li+ ion transport in LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 through Control of Site Disorder." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 14(39):13515-13521. 
  • Xiao J, X Chen, PV Sushko, ML Sushko, L Kovarik, J Feng, Z Deng, J Zheng, GL Graff, Z Nie, D Choi, J Liu, J Zhang, and MS Whittingham. 2012. "High-Performance LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 Spinel Controlled by Mn3+ Concentration and Site Disorder." Advanced Materials 24(16):2109-2116.  doi:10.1002/adma.201104767
  • Xu W, X Chen, F Ding, J Xiao, D Wang, A Pan, J Zheng, XS Li, AB Padmaperuma, and J Zhang. 2012. "Reinvestigation on the state-of-the-art nonaqueous carbonate electrolytes for 5 V Li-ion battery applications." Journal of Power Sources 213:304-316.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.04.031

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