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Energy Materials Group

Wentao Duan

Wentao Duan

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352


Dr. Wentao Duan joined PNNL in 2015 as a postdoctoral research associate. In the Energy Processes and Materials Division, his work has focused on the development and improvement of aqueous and non-aqueous redox flow batteries. With his expertise on material science and electrochemistry, Dr. Duan has authored and co-authored more than 20 journal papers, as well as two book chapters.

Research Interests

  • Material design for energy storage and conversion.
  • Electrolyte optimization.
  • Catalyst and electrode development.
  • Safety and reliability of redox flow batteries.

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D., Chemistry, the Pennsylvania State University, May 2015.
  • B.S., Chemistry, Peking University, June 2009.

PNNL Publications


  • Duan W, J Huang, JA Kowalski, IA Shkrob, V Murugesan, ED Walter, B Pan, Z Yang, JD Milshtein, B Li, C Liao, Z Zhang, W Wang, J Liu, JS Moore, F Brushett, L Zhang, and X Wei. 2017. ""Wine-Dark Sea" in An Organic Flow Battery: Storing Negative Charge in 2,1,3-Benzothiadiazole Radicals Leads to Improved Cyclability." ACS Energy Letters 2(5):1156-1161.  doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.7b00261
  • Duan W, VRS Vemuri, D Hu, Z Yang, and X Wei. 2017. "A Protocol for Electrochemical Evaluation and State of Charge Diagnostics of A Symmetric Organic Redox Flow Battery." Journal of Visualized Experiments (120):Video No. e55171.  doi:10.3791/55171
  • Wei X, W Pan, W Duan, AM Hollas, Z Yang, B Li, Z Nie, J Liu, DM Reed, W Wang, and VL Sprenkle. 2017. "Materials and Systems for Organic Flow Batteries: Status and Challenges." ACS Energy Letters 2(9):2187-2204.  doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.7b00650


  • Duan W, VRS Vemuri, JD Milshtein, S Laramie, RD Dmello, J Huang, L Zhang, D Hu, M Vijayakumar, W Wang, J Liu, RE Darling, L Thompson, KC Smith, JS Moore, F Brushett, and X Wei. 2016. "A Symmetric Organic - Based Nonaqueous Redox Flow Battery and Its State of Charge Diagnostics by FTIR." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 4(15):5448-5456.  doi:10.1039/c6ta01177b
  • Huang J, B Pan, W Duan, X Wei, RS Assary, L Su, F Brushett, L Cheng, C Liao, MS Ferrandon, W Wang, Z Zhang, AK Burrell, LA Curtiss, IA Shkrob, JS Moore, and L Zhang. 2016. "The lightest organic radical cation for charge storage in redox flow batteries." Scientific Reports 6:Article No. 32102.  doi:10.1038/srep32102
  • Wei X, W Duan, J Huang, L Zhang, B Li, DM Reed, W Xu, VL Sprenkle, and W Wang. 2016. "A High-Current, Stable Nonaqueous Organic Redox Flow Battery." ACS Energy Letters 1(4):705-711.  doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.6b00255


  • Shao Y, Y Cheng, W Duan, W Wang, Y Lin, Y Wang, and J Liu. 2015. "Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for PEM Fuel Cells and Redox Flow Batteries: a Selected Review." ACS Catalysis 5(12):7288-7298.  doi:10.1021/acscatal.5b01737

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