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Energy Materials Group

Nathan Canfield

Nathan Canfield

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352

Biography

Nathan Canfield has over 10 years in ceramic processing development, with a focus on development of planar structures for use in SOFC’s, Membrane Research, and Large-Scale Energy Storage. His background also includes mechanical properties and mechanical testing of ceramics and glass. He joined PNNL as a post-Master’s intern in 1999 and was hired as a staff scientist in 2001. He has co-authored numerous publications and is listed as a co-inventor on a number of patents.

Research Interests

  • Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
  • Zeolite Membrane Supports
  • Large-Scale Energy Storage

Education and Credentials

  • M.S. Ceramic Engineering, Alfred University
  • B.S. Ceramic Engineering, Alfred University

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • American Ceramic Society
  • North American Membrane Society

PNNL Patents

PNNL Publications

2018

  • Chang H., X. Lu, J.F. Bonnett, N.L. Canfield, S. Son, Y. Park, and K. Jung, et al. 2018. ""Ni-less" Cathodes for High Energy Density, Intermediate Temperature Na-NiCl2 Batteries." Advanced Materials Interfaces 5, no. 10:Article No. 1701592. PNNL-SA-130933. doi:10.1002/admi.201701592
  • Hardy J.S., C.A. Coyle, J.F. Bonnett, J.W. Templeton, N.L. Canfield, D.J. Edwards, and S.M. Mahserejian, et al. 2018. "Evaluation of Cation Migration in Lanthanum Strontium Cobalt Ferrite Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathodes via In-operando X-ray Diffraction." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 6, no. 4:1787-1801. PNNL-SA-127796. doi:10.1039/c7ta06856e
  • Yu L., N.L. Canfield, S. Chen, H. Lee, X. Ren, M.H. Engelhard, and Q. Li, et al. 2018. "Enhanced Stability of Lithium Metal Anode by using a 3D Porous Nickel Substrate." ChemElectroChem 5, no. 5:761-769. PNNL-SA-130543. doi:10.1002/celc.201701250

2017

  • Chang H., N.L. Canfield, K. Jung, V.L. Sprenkle, and G. Li. 2017. "Advanced Na-NiCl2 Battery using Nickel-Coated Graphite with Core-Shell Microarchitecture." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 9, no. 13:11609-11614. PNNL-ACT-SA-10199. doi:10.1021/acsami.7b00271
  • Chang H., X. Lu, J.F. Bonnett, N.L. Canfield, S. Son, Y. Park, and K. Jung, et al. 2017. "Development of Intermediate Temperature Sodium Nickel Chloride Rechargeable Batteries using Conventional Polymer Sealing Technologies." Journal of Power Sources 348. PNNL-ACT-SA-10210. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.02.059
  • Fiskum S.K., C.A. Burns, N.L. Canfield, R.C. Daniel, J.A. Fort, P.A. Gauglitz, and W.L. Kuhn, et al. 2017. Standard High Solids Vessel Design Newtonian Simulant Qualification. PNNL-26103; WTP-RPT-245, Rev 0. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Lu X., H. Chang, J.F. Bonnett, N.L. Canfield, K. Jung, V.L. Sprenkle, and G. Li. 2017. "Effect of Cathode Thickness on the Performance of Planar Na-NiCl2 Battery." Journal of Power Sources 365. PNNL-SA-125568. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.07.029
  • Riley B.J., J.D. Vienna, S.M. Frank, J.O. Kroll, J.A. Peterson, N.L. Canfield, and Z. Zhu, et al. 2017. "Glass Binder Development for a Glass-Bonded Sodalite Ceramic Waste Form." Journal of Nuclear Materials 489. PNNL-SA-123338. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2017.03.041
  • Rodriguez C.P., J. Chun, J.V. Crum, N.L. Canfield, E. Ronnebro, J.D. Vienna, and A.A. Kruger. 2017. "Thermal properties of simulated Hanford waste glasses." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 100, no. 6:2533-2542. PNNL-SA-115965. doi:10.1111/jace.14786

2016

  • Gotthold D.W., N. Browning, E. Jensen, A.G. Joly, and N.L. Canfield. 2016. Optically Stimulated Luminescence Based Optical Data Storage. PNNL-27989. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Li G., X. Lu, J.Y. Kim, K.D. Meinhardt, H. Chang, N.L. Canfield, and V.L. Sprenkle. 2016. "Advanced Intermediate Temperature Sodium-Nickel Chloride Batteries with Ultra-High Energy Density." Nature Communications 7. PNNL-SA-112622. doi:10.1038/ncomms10683
  • Liu J., N.L. Canfield, and W. Liu. 2016. "Preparation and Characterization of a Hydrophobic Metal-Organic Framework Membrane Supported on Thin Porous Metal Sheet." Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research 55, no. 13:3823-3832. PNNL-SA-106001. doi:10.1021/acs.iecr.5b04739
  • Matyas J., N.L. Canfield, S.E. Sannoh, and M.R. Zumhoff. 2016. "Silica-based waste form for immobilization of iodine from reprocessing plant off-gas streams." Journal of Nuclear Materials 476. PNNL-SA-117831. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2016.04.047

2015

  • Canfield N.L., J.Y. Kim, J.F. Bonnett, R.L. Pearson, V.L. Sprenkle, and K. Jung. 2015. "Effects of Fabrication Conditions on Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of Duplex ß"-Al2O3 Solid Electrolyte." Materials Science and Engineering B: Advanced Functional Solid-state Materials 197. PNNL-ACT-SA-10031. doi:10.1016/j.mseb.2015.03.009
  • Kim J.Y., N.L. Canfield, J.F. Bonnett, V.L. Sprenkle, K. Jung, and I. Hong. 2015. "A Duplex ß"-Al2O3 Solid Electrolyte Consisting of A Thin Dense Layer and A Porous Substrate." Solid State Ionics 278. PNNL-ACT-SA-10030. doi:10.1016/j.ssi.2015.06.013

2014

  • Henager C.H., R.J. Kurtz, N.L. Canfield, Y. Shin, W.G. Luscher, J. Mansurov, and T.J. Roosendaal, et al. 2014. "Low Activation Joining of SiC/SiC Composites for Fusion Applications: Tape Casting TiC+Si Powders." In Fusion Materials Semiannual Progress Report for the Period Ending December 31, 2013. 23-28. Oak Ridge, Tennessee:Oak Ridge National Laboratory. PNNL-SA-101240.

2013

  • Henager C.H., R.J. Kurtz, N.L. Canfield, Y. Shin, W.G. Luscher, J. Mansurov, and T.J. Roosendaal, et al. 2013. "Low Activation Joining of SiC/SiC Composites for Fusion Applications: Tape Casting TiC+Si Powders." In Fusion Materials Semiannual Report for the Period Ending December 31, 2013. 23-28. Oak Ridge, Tennessee:Oak Ridge National Laboratory. PNNL-SA-97504.
  • Reed D.M., G.W. Coffey, E.S. Mast, N.L. Canfield, J. Mansurov, X. Lu, and V.L. Sprenkle. 2013. "Wetting of Sodium on ß?-Al2O3/YSZ Composites for Low Temperature Planar Sodium-Metal Halide Batteries." Journal of Power Sources 227. PNNL-SA-89519. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.11.034

2011

  • Chick L.A., K.D. Meinhardt, S.P. Simner, B.W. Kirby, M.R. Powell, and N.L. Canfield. 2011. "Factors Affecting Limiting Current in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells or Debunking the Myth of Anode Diffusion Polarization." Journal of Power Sources 196, no. 10:4475-4482. PNNL-SA-76657.
  • Chou Y.S., E.C. Thomsen, R.T. Williams, J. Choi, N.L. Canfield, J.F. Bonnett, and J.W. Stevenson, et al. 2011. "Compliant alkali silicate sealing glass for solid oxide fuel cell applications: thermal cycle stability and chemical compatibility." Journal of Power Sources 196, no. 5:2709-2716. PNNL-SA-76697. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.11.020
  • Liu W., J. Zhang, N.L. Canfield, and L.V. Saraf. 2011. "Preparation of Robust, Thin Zeolite Membrane Sheet for Molecular Separation." Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research 50, no. 20:11677-11689. PNNL-SA-74466. doi:10.1021/ie200519b

2010

  • Xu W., N.L. Canfield, D. Wang, J. Xiao, Z. Nie, and J. Zhang. 2010. "A three-dimensional Macroporous Cu/SnO2 composite anode sheet prepared via a novel method." Journal of Power Sources 195, no. 21:7403-7408. PNNL-SA-70252. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.05.054
  • Xu W., N.L. Canfield, D. Wang, J. Xiao, Z. Nie, X.S. Li, and W.D. Bennett, et al. 2010. "Approach to make macroporous metal sheets as current collectors for lithium-ion batteries." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 157, no. 7:A765-A769. PNNL-SA-69910.

2007

  • Canfield N.L., J.V. Crum, J. Matyas, A. Bandyopadhyay, K.S. Weil, L.R. Pederson, and J.S. Hardy. 2007. "Sintering of Mixed-Conducting Composites for Hydrogen Membranes From Nanoscale Co-Synthesized Powders." In Processing and manufacturing of advanced materials international conference; THERMEC 2006, Jul 5th, 2006, Vancouver, Canada. Materials Science Forum, 539-543, 1413-1420. Zurich:Trans Tech Publications. PNNL-SA-48245.
  • Hardy J.S., E.C. Thomsen, N.L. Canfield, J.V. Crum, K.S. Weil, and L.R. Pederson. 2007. "Development of Passive Hydrogen Separation Membranes made from Co-Synthesized Nanoscale Cermet Powders." International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 32. PNNL-SA-48968. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2006.08.016
  • Hardy J.S., N.L. Canfield, J.V. Crum, A. Bandyopadhyay, K.S. Weil, and L.R. Pederson. 2007. "Co-synthesis of Mixed Conducting Composites for Hydrogen Separation: Compositional Considerations." In Materials in Clean Power Systems: Applications, Corrosion, and Protection: 2006 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition, edited by ZG Yang, KS Weil and MP Brady, 3-14. Warrendale, Pennsylvania:TMS. PNNL-SA-47483.
  • Johnson B.R., N.L. Canfield, D.N. Tran, R.A. Dagle, X.S. Li, J.D. Holladay, and Y. Wang. 2007. "Engineered SMR catalysts based on hydrothermally stable, porous, ceramic supports for microchannel reactors." Catalysis Today 120, no. 1:54-62. PNNL-SA-53034.

2006

  • Kim J.Y., V.L. Sprenkle, N.L. Canfield, K.D. Meinhardt, and L.A. Chick. 2006. "Effects of Chrome Contamination on the Performance of La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O-3 Cathode Used in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 153, no. 5:A880-A886. PNWD-SA-7101. doi:10.1149/1.2181435

2005

  • Kim J.Y., N.L. Canfield, L.A. Chick, K.D. Meinhardt, and V.L. Sprenkle. 2005. "CHROMIUM POISONING EFFECTS ON VARIOUS CATHODES." In Advances in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, edited by NP Bansal, 26, 129-138. Westerville, Ohio:American Ceramic Society. PNNL-SA-43945. doi:10.1002/9780470291245.ch15

2003

  • Simner S.P., J.F. Bonnett, N.L. Canfield, K.D. Meinhardt, J.P. Shelton, V.L. Sprenkle, and J.W. Stevenson. 2003. "Development of Lanthanum Ferrite SOFC Cathodes." Journal of Power Sources 113, no. 1:1-10. PNNL-SA-36956.

2002

  • Marina O.A., N.L. Canfield, and J.W. Stevenson. 2002. "Thermal, Electrical, and Electrocatalytical Properties of Lanthanum-Doped Strontium Titanate." Solid State Ionics 149, no. 1-2:21-28. PNNL-SA-35369.
  • Simner S.P., J.F. Bonnett, N.L. Canfield, K.D. Meinhardt, J.P. Shelton, V.L. Sprenkle, and J.W. Stevenson. 2002. "Development of Cathode Materials for Low Temperature SOFCs." In 2002 Fuel Cell Seminar: Fuel Cells - Reliable, Clean Energy for the World, November 19-21, 2002, Palm Springs, California., 344-347. Washington, District Of Columbia:Fuel Cell Seminar. PNNL-SA-37651.
  • Simner S.P., J.F. Bonnett, N.L. Canfield, K.D. Meinhardt, V. Sprenkle, and J.W. Stevenson. 2002. "Optimized Lanthanum Ferrite-Based Cathods for Anode-Supported SOFCs." Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters 5, no. 7:A173-A175. PNNL-SA-52069. doi:10.1149/1.1483156
  • Simner S.P., J.F. Bonnett, N.L. Canfield, K.D. Meinhardt, V.L. Sprenkle, and J.W. Stevenson. 2002. "Optimized Lanathanum Ferrite-Based Cathodes for Anode-Supported SOFCs." Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters 5, no. 7:A173-A175. PNNL-SA-35877.

2001

  • Simner S.P., K.D. Meinhardt, N.L. Canfield, and J.W. Stevenson. 2001. "Development of Fabrication Techniques and Electrodes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells." In Solid oxide fuel cells VII, (SOFC VII), proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan, June 3-8, 2001. Proceedings of the Electrochemical Society, edited by H. Yokokawa and S.C. Singhal, 2001-16, 1051-1060. Pennington, New Jersey:The Electrochemical Society. PNNL-SA-35878.
  • Stevenson J.W., K.D. Meinhardt, C.F. Habeger, N.L. Canfield, and S.P. Simner. 2001. "Fabrication and Testing of Anode-Supported SOFC." In Fuel cells--powering the 21st Century. 2000 Fuel Cell Seminar, October 30-November 2, 2000, Portland, Oregon, 627-630. Washington, District Of Columbia:Courtesy Associates. PNNL-SA-34254.

2000

  • Stevenson J.W., K. Hasinska, N.L. Canfield, and T.R. Armstrong. 2000. "Influence of Cobalt and Iron Additions on the Electrical and Thermal Properties of (La,Sr)(Ga,Mg)O3-d." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 147, no. 9:3213-3218. PNNL-SA-32711.

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