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Huilin Pan

Huilin Pan

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352


Dr. Pan is currently a research scientist in the Electrochemical Materials and Systems Group in the Energy Processes and Materials Division at PNNL. She received her Ph.D. in condensed matter physics from Institute of Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2013 and joined PNNL the same year. She has a strong background in battery material for energy storage systems. Dr. Pan has more than 20 peer-reviewed papers and 4 US patents applications.

Research Interests

  • She has wide interest and experience in the development of battery materials and electrolytes for different kinds of energy storage technologies and the underlying reaction mechanisms in battery systems. Since her joining PNNL in 2013, she has been focused on the development of high energy and low cost energy storage solutions, e.g., lithium-sulfur and aqueous zinc batteries.

Education and Credentials

  • 2010.09-2013.07 PhD, Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
  • 2007.09-2010.07 MS, Condensed Matter Physics, Jilin University, Changchun, China
  • 2003.09-2007.07 BS, Applied Physics, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • Society member: ECS
  • Editor board member for American Journal of Engineering and applied Sciences
  • Frequent reviewer for following international academic journals: Advanced Energy Materials, Nano Energy, Scientific Reports, Journal of Power Sources, Solid State Ionics, Journal of Applied Physics, Crystal Growth & Design, The Journal of The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Ceramics International etc.

Awards and Recognitions

  • Outstanding Poster Award, Symposium on Beyond Lithium ion IX (2016)
  • Outstanding Performance Award in Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (2014, 2015)
  • TOP 1% author, highly cited in the Royal Society of Chemistry Journals (2014)

PNNL Patents

PNNL Publications


  • Pan H., K. Han, M.H. Engelhard, R. Cao, J. Chen, J. Zhang, and K.T. Mueller, et al. 2018. "Addressing Passivation in Lithium-Sulfur Battery under Lean-Electrolyte Condition." Advanced Functional Materials 28, no. 38:Article Number 1707234. PNNL-SA-131237. doi:10.1002/adfm.201707234


  • Chen J., W.A. Henderson, H. Pan, B.R. Perdue, R. Cao, J.Z. Hu, and C. Wan, et al. 2017. "Improving Lithium-sulfur Battery Performance under Lean Electrolyte through Nanoscale Confinement in Soft Swellable Gels." Nano Letters 17, no. 5:3061-3067. PNNL-SA-121812. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b00417
  • Han K., J. Chen, R. Cao, N. Rajput, V. Murugesan, L. Shi, and H. Pan, et al. 2017. "Effects of Anion Mobility on Electrochemical Behaviors of Lithium-Sulfur Batteries." Chemistry of Materials 29, no. 21:9023-9029. PNNL-SA-129332. doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b02105
  • Pan H., B. Li, D. Mei, Z. Nie, Y. Shao, G. Li, and X.S. Li, et al. 2017. "Controlling Solid-Liquid Conversion Reactions for Highly Reversible Aqueous Zinc-Iodine Battery." ACS Energy Letters 2. PNNL-SA-128748. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.7b00851
  • Pan H., J. Chen, R. Cao, V. Murugesan, N. Rajput, K. Han, and K.A. Persson, et al. 2017. "Non Encapsulation Approach for High Performance Li-S Batteries through Controlled Nucleation and Growth." Nature Energy 2. PNNL-SA-123317. doi:10.1038/s41560-017-0005-z
  • Pan H., K. Han, M. Vijayakumar, J. Xiao, R. Cao, J. Chen, and J. Zhang, et al. 2017. "Ammonium additives to dissolve lithium sulfide through hydrogen binding for high energy lithium-sulfur batteries." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 9, no. 5:4290-4295. PNNL-SA-116549. doi:10.1021/acsami.6b04158


  • Chen J., K. Han, W.A. Henderson, K. Lau, M. Vijayakumar, T. Dzwiniel, and H. Pan, et al. 2016. "Restricting the Solubility of Polysulfides in Li-S Batteries Via Electrolyte Salt Selection." Advanced Energy Materials 6, no. 11:Article No. 1600160. PNNL-SA-113496. doi:10.1002/aenm.201600160
  • Pan H., Y. Shao, P. Yan, Y. Cheng, K. Han, Z. Nie, and C.M. Wang, et al. 2016. "Reversible aqueous zinc/manganese oxide energy storage from conversion reactions." Nature Energy 1, no. 5:Article No. 16039. PNNL-SA-111263. doi:10.1038/nenergy.2016.39


  • Chen J., D. Wu, E.D. Walter, M.H. Engelhard, P. Bhattacharya, H. Pan, and Y. Shao, et al. 2015. "Molecular-Confinement of Polysulfide within Mesoscale Electrodes for the Practical Application of Lithium Sulfur Batteries." Nano Energy 13. PNNL-SA-106980. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2015.01.031
  • Lu D., P. Yan, Y. Shao, Q. Li, S.A. Ferrara, H. Pan, and G.L. Graff, et al. 2015. "High Performance Li-ion Sulfur Batteries Enabled by Intercalation Chemistry." Chemical Communications 51, no. 70:13454-13457. PNNL-SA-108571. doi:10.1039/C5CC05171A
  • Pan H., X. Wei, W.A. Henderson, Y. Shao, J. Chen, P. Bhattacharya, and J. Xiao, et al. 2015. "On the way toward understanding solution chemistry of lithium polysulfides for high energy Li-S redox flow batteries." Advanced Energy Materials 5, no. 16:Article No. 1500113. PNNL-SA-107502. doi:10.1002/aenm.201500113
  • Wang Q., J. Zheng, E.D. Walter, H. Pan, D. Lu, P. Zuo, and H. Chen, et al. 2015. "Direct Observation of Sulfur Radicals as Reaction Media in lithium Sulfur Batteries." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 162, no. 3:A474-A478. PNNL-SA-104559. doi:10.1149/2.0851503jes
  • Xiao J., J.Z. Hu, H. Chen, M. Vijayakumar, J. Zheng, H. Pan, and E.D. Walter, et al. 2015. "Following the Transient Reactions in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries Using In an In Situ Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Technique." Nano Letters 15, no. 5:3309-3316. PNNL-SA-101779. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b00521
  • Yu X., H. Pan, Y. Zhou, P. Northrup, J. Xiao, S. Bak, and M. Liu, et al. 2015. "Direct Observation of the Redistribution of Sulfur and Polysufides in Li-S Batteries During the First Cycle by In Situ X-Ray Fluorescence Microscopy." Advanced Energy Materials 5, no. 16. PNNL-SA-110121. doi:10.1002/aenm.201500072

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